Member Report from Tunisia
REPORT AT 2014 WAHO CONFERENCE:
Dr. Faten Lasfar, Tunisia: Mr. President, members of the Executive Committee, delegates, ladies and gentlemen. I am Dr. Faten Lasfar, the Stud Book Manager for Tunisia, my colleague is Dr. Belgacem Ben Aoun, responsible for Arabian horse production in Tunisia. F.N.A.R.C. works together with the National Studs, under the authority of the Ministry of Agriculture. I would like to take this opportunity to thank the Qatar Racing and Equestrian Club for hosting the WAHO Conference 2014, for their hospitality and for their warm welcome.
In November 2014 we issued volume 12 of Tunisian Stud Book, which covers the period from 2007 to 2010. Our stud book is online at our FNARC website which includes all essential information about horse pedigrees, as well as events like the sale of horses and organization of shows. The web site is under the address www.fnarc.nat.tn. At the end of this year a supplement covering births 2011 and 2012 will be edited.
Currently we have 5,000 purebred Arabian horses of which 778 broodmares and 56 stallions are used for breeding. The number of foals registered in 2013 was 433, in 2011 and 2012, 386 foals were registered. The number of horses that have been exported and imported during the last three years is as follows: in 2011, 1 horse was imported and 33 horses were exported; in 2012, 6 horses were imported and 121 horses were exported; and in 2013, 2 horses were imported and 103 horses were exported to France, Morocco and Libya. All foals are parentage verified by DNA Typing and also microchipped, we issue a passport for horses after registration.
Artificial insemination with frozen and fresh semen is used in both national and private studs, under the rules of WAHO. Embryo transfer is allowed but not yet used in Tunisia. We accept the post mortem use of semen. The principal activities for purebred Arabian horses is racing, we have 365 races per year. Endurance is the second equestrian activity for Arabian horses, we have 12 competitions per year of which 2 are at the international FEI level. Also FNARC organized 4 shows for Arabian horses. Thank you very much for your attention.
REPORT AT 2011 WAHO CONFERENCE:
Mr. Jilani Msaada, Tunisia: Good afternoon. We would like to thank the Qatar Racing and Equestrian Club for hosting this excellent Conference and for their hospitality. We are the delegates from Tunisia, we represent the Fondation Nationale D’Amelioration De La Race Chevaline (FNARC). My colleague is the General Manager, Dr. Mohammed Habib Ezzaouia, and my name is Jilani Msaada, I am the Deputy Director of the FNARC.
In Tunisia we have a long history and tradition in breeding Arabian horses and the registration of these horses started in 1866. The number of living Arabian horses in Tunisia is estimated at 4,000 and in 2010 we registered 390 foals. The number of broodmares is 710 and there are 32 active breeding stallions. The number of breeders in Tunisia is over 295. All foals are parentage verified by DNA, and are also microchipped. We allow the use of artificial insemination, since 2002, and it is used at some of the National Studs as well as in private studfarms, using both domestic and imported semen. We do not allow embryo transfer.
The majority of the Arab horses are used in racing, we have over 260 races per year with some 600 horses participating. In 2011 more than 16 endurance races were organized, the majority of the horses participating are Arabians. Also, 4 shows were organized.
As you know, the distinguishing features of Tunisian Arabian horse makes them particularly suited for racing and endurance competitions, and there is a huge demand for these horses. So in the two years 2009 and 2010 more than 260 horses were exported to the Gulf Area and to other countries. 4 horses were imported, all from France. Thank you very much.
REPORT MADE AT 2009 WAHO CONFERENCE:
My name is Khadija Driss, I am representing the Tunisian National Studs and I am in charge of the Arabian horse production after an interesting experience as the Registrar for several years. My co-delegate is Mr. Dhaou Maiz, President of the Jockey Club of Tunis.
Arabian horse breeding has considerably increased during the last years in Tunisia, because of the encouragement of our Government and the personal efforts of some new breeders. Our last published stud book Volume is number 11, including the years 2003-2006. During 2008 we registered 396 foals, 72 exported horses and 2 imported mares. We estimate there are 2,500 living Arabian horses in Tunisia, some of them are used for breeding, with 800 broodmares and 50 stallions. All these horses are DNA-typed. Microchipping has been mandatory for Arabian horses since 2007 for all foals, dams, and breeding stallions, and even for yearlings before racing so we have microchipped horses since the 2004 births. Traceability is strictly applied between the act of microchipping and the application of the sticker containing the microchip code ISO on the passport of the horse. Artificial Insemination with frozen and fresh semen methods is widely used in the National and private studs. Embryo Transfer is allowed but has not yet been used in Tunisia.
The most popular activity for Arabian horses in our country since the beginning of the 20th century, is racing. We have 350 races per year and 80% of them are for Arabian horses. The Jockey Club of Tunis is in charge of this. 15 years ago, endurance became the second use of Arabian horses, with 12 meetings per year, 2 of which are Internationals. These meetings are organized by the Equestrian Federation. The same horses used in racing are also judged for show. Mares and 2 year olds can be presented. Arabian horses are managed by the National Stud which is an Organization under the control of the Government. Control of procedures, printing and publishing of the official documents is under the charge of our institution. The Tunisian Government is encouraging breeders to invest in horse-breeding and particularly in Arabian horses. More than 150 active breeders are registered on our database with 400 breeding mares between them. This number is increasing by about 10% each year.
The WAHO Trophy has been awarded once in 2006, to the winner of the most important Tunisian racing prize, but we are now thinking about another way to select the best horse for the WAHO Trophy.
REPORT MADE AT 2007 WAHO CONFERENCE:
FNARC, the National Foundation for Horse Breeding and Improvement, manages the Arabian Stud Books of Tunisia. Arabian horse breeding in Tunisia started over a century ago and up until now 5,252 Arabian horses have been registered in our stud books.
In 2006 we registered 344 foals, from 566 broodmares & 60 stallions. Since 2002 we adopted the DNA testing for parent verification and we have been using microchips since 2006. We do allow Artificial Insemination and we now have a specialized Artificial Insemination Centre for collecting and freezing semen in accordance with international regulations.
We have so far issued 10 volumes of the Arabian stud book of Tunisia and volume 11 for the period 2003 to 2006 will be issued by the end of 2007.
The Arabian horses in Tunisia are bred mostly for racing, we have 253 races each year. Worth mentioning in this regard is that many of the Arabians that have won races abroad in countries such as the United Arab Emirates are from Tunisian bloodlines. In 2006 we organized 10 endurance competitions with good participation of Tunisian Arabians.
In 2007 Tunisia registered 383 foals, and recorded 43 exports and 1 import.