Member Report from Egypt
REPORT AT 2014 WAHO CONFERENCE:
Dr. Salah El Deen Helal, Egypt: (spoken in Arabic, translation not recorded, transcript taken from English translation provided as text). Dear Mr. President, Members of the Executive committee, ladies and gentlemen, I am here on behalf of El-Zahraa Stud- EAO, Egypt. My name is Dr. Salah El Deen Helal, I am the Chairman of the EAO, and my co-delegate is Mr. Nasr Marei. I am pleased and honoured to present Egypt’s report related to El-Zahraa Stud.
I would like to emphasize that we have issued our stud book volume Number 11 which was distributed to all registered authorities, and our next volume number 12 is still in progress. This new volume will cover the period between 2008 and 2011. The numbers of progeny that have been DNA typed and have been registered in 2013 reached 1296 horses. In 2014, the number of horses registered until August 2014 is 680 horses.
The number of registered horses at El-Zahraa Stud farm is around 403 horses whereas in private stud farms there is now a total of around 8,000 horses. El-Zahraa stud farm helps those private farms through providing veterinary care and services.
In principle, Egypt allows the usage of artificial insemination and embryo transfer techniques. However, embryo transfer is limited to two progeny per mare a year. The statistics of import and export of horses is as follows: In 2011, we have exported 200 horses and imported 136 horses; in 2012, 143 horses were exported and 102 others were imported; in 2013, 149 horses were exported and there were 117 horses imported; and in 2014, 69 horses were imported and there were 68 exported.
El-Zahraa stud farm organizes annually a horse show in November where a large number of horses participate in this event. The show takes place for four days and is divided into a National Show for horses bred in Egypt and an International show where any horse can compete. We have horses bred abroad and other horses participating from other countries that come to compete in this event.
We have a special prize which is the WAHO Trophy, which we have awarded several times in past years.
The EAO through El-Zahraa stud farm aims to preserve the breeding of the authenticity of its straight Egyptian horses. We are very keen and dedicated to the purity of the straight Egyptian horses so that we can help to maintain the foundation that has been influential in developing all other horses and breeds. During the last few years, there have been some registry minor issues but they have all been resolved by communication and consultation with WAHO which has offered the needed support. Many thanks.
REPORT AT 2011 WAHO CONFERENCE:
Dr. Khalil Soliman, Egypt: Mr. President, ladies and gentlemen. I am Dr. Khalil Soliman on behalf of El Zahraa Stud, E.A.O., Egypt. My co-delegate is Dr. Mohammad Hashim El Deeb, Chairman of the EAO. I am pleased to present Egypt’s report.
The pure Arabian horse has a unique place in human life as it is one of the oldest breeds of horse, so pure Arabian horses are always in the centre of the world’s attention. Honestly, it is very rare to find a breed of horse in any part of the world which does not have Arabian blood. The Egyptian Agricultural Organization (E.A.O.) is considered worldwide as a valuable example of an Organization which has safe-guarded the purebred Arabian horse over the years in Egypt. The E.A.O. enjoys a history of 103 years which has a proven and satisfying past and a promising future, and is also doing its best to keep pace with technological developments and take its place in the modern era and is following the latest scientific methods of identification by microchip and issuing passports for El-Zahraa horses and for the other privately-bred horses subject to its supervision. On our track to keep up with the most recent developments in the field of breeding pure Arabian horses, our Organization is currently examining ways of applying the techniques of artificial insemination and the establishment of a unit for collecting and freezing semen, and also the establishing of a laboratory for analysis of DNA for all the Arabian horses in Egypt. We are also following the latest methods of embryo transfer for the preservation of the rarer strains which may risk extinction.
It is worth mentioning here that while there are 5,700 purebred Arabian horses registered in Egypt, the total number of horses in the El-Zahraa stud is 458. The number of private studs founded under supervision of the E.A.O. has now reached 526 farms all over Egypt. The E.A.O. plays a very important role in caring, supporting and guiding those farms by providing veterinary care and services from El-Zahraa stud’s veterinarian team, as well as by encouraging the visits of foreign experts to train and develop staff skills and improve our human resources. The Egyptian Agricultural Organization also has a strong position in the export market as it sends pure Arabian horses to many countries such as the Middle East and European countries, as well as South Africa. El-Zahraa Stud preserves all the original strains such as Obayan; Hadban; Dahman; Saqlawy and Kehilan. Experts confirm the improvement of the production year after year, and the stud provides the horse market with approximately 123 horses through an annual auction sale of surplus production of El-Zahraa Arabian horses for Egyptian and foreign breeders.
And also the E.A.O. holds an international show each year with the participation of horses from Egypt and other countries under ECAHO regulations. And also we have a private breeders’ organization which holds two shows every year in Egypt. Thank you very much.
REPORT MADE AT 2009 WAHO CONFERENCE:
I am Ahmed Hamza, Chairman of the Board of the Egyptian Agricultural Organization, EAO, representing Egypt, with my co-delegate Dr. Ibrahim Zaghloul, Arab Horse Consultant of El Zahraa Stud. The EAO supervises El Zahraa Arab Horse Stud and 366 private Arabian horse stud farms, covering all of Egypt, with the sum of about 6,000 horses.
In the year 2008 we registered 950 foals. Our current stud book Volume 10, covering 2000-2003 is already out and printed, Volume 11 covering 2004-2007 is under print. The number of horses in private studs increases yearly, as we have new breeders. Through the year 2008 69 Arabians were imported, and 177 were exported. We still freeze-brand our horses, we do not microchip. As for identification, we use DNA-typing, all breeding horses are DNA typed and all foals are parent verified with DNA at first registration. We do not allow Embryo Transfer. Artificial Insemination is only allowed with fresh semen, no frozen semen is allowed.
Our horse activities per year comprise National and International Shows twice per year, run by the EAO and the Egyptian Arabian Horse Association. We have flat races twice weekly all year round, organized by the Jockey Club. We have four endurance rides per year, run by the Riding Union of Egypt. We have Egyptian dressage competitions, that is dancing horses with Egyptian music, with high prizes, this year the first prize was a car organized by the EAO and the Egyptian Arabian Horse Association.
The WAHO Trophy was offered to the horse with the highest score at the National Show, gaining 93% in 2008 at El Zahraa Stud, and it was awarded to the stallion Kenz Noor, 8 years old. The Trophy is sought after and has positive benefits that the Egyptian breeders are very enthusiastic about. Meetings, seminars and lectures on Arabian horse history, care and breeding and on horse health, are held at El Zahraa Stud by EAO staff and professors from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. We also have a lot of other activities, encouraging breeders and trying to show them all the different and technical aspects concerning horses. Thank you very much.
REPORT MADE AT 2007 WAHO CONFERENCE:
The EAO is the official Registry in Egypt, supervising El Zahraa Arab Horse Stud and more than 300 private studs.
700 Arabian foals were registered in the year 2005 and about 895 broodmares and about 60 active breeding stallions. In 2006 the figures increased and we had 800 Arabian foals, about 1,000 broodmares and about 70 active breeding stallions. The estimated number of living Arabians is 4,500. The increase in the number of foals is due to the increase in the number of breeders in Egypt. We use DNA and parent verification of foals before registration.
In 2006 we exported 51 horses to Germany, Belgium, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates. Also 98 Arabians were imported from Germany and USA and Kuwait.
We use our horses for breeding, shows, jumping, racing, dressage and endurance. We have 3 horse shows annually. The number of Arabian races is twice per week throughout the year. The number of endurance rides is 4. There has been a great promotion of Arabians due to using stallions coming from abroad, having Egyptian origin. There has been a rise in the number of registrations, and of imports and exports, and of ownership transfers over the past 5 years, due to the increase of purebred Arabian horse breeders in Egypt.
EAO and the private breeders currently hold seminars to educate the public on the history, care and uses of purebred Arabian horses which are proving beneficial. Finally, our current Arabian stud book is volume 10 and volume 11 is at its final stages of preparation.
In 2007, Egypt reported 967 foals registered, which is a considerable increase since 2006 and previous years. Egypt also reported 150 exported horses, together with 72 imports.