Member Report from Russia
REPORT MADE AT 2014 WAHO CONFERENCE:
Mrs. Natalia Kiseleva, translator for Dr. Ruslan Khalilov, Russia: Mr. President, Executive Committee members and fellow delegates. Russia is represented by Dr. Ruslan Khalilov, Registrar of the Russian Arabian Stud Book, I am pleased to present this report on his behalf. First of all, we want to say many thanks to the organizers of this WAHO Conference for the great work they have done and to the Qatar Racing and Equestrian Club for their great hospitality.
I will now report on the Arabian horse affairs in our country. To begin with it should be mentioned that now there are 3 state studs, 3 breeding farms and 52 private owners in Russia. The breeding stock of Arabians totals 68 sires and 290 broodmares, the total living population is about 2,000. The yearly foal registrations decreased from 264 in 2011, to 219 in 2013. This is the result of reduction of number of broodmares used for breeding. The owners that have a small number of mares don’t want to burden themselves with the care of receiving and breeding of foals because of some difficulties with their realization. Here are some figures: a few years ago Russia exported from 50 to 70 Arabian horses yearly, now we export only about 12-13 Arabians a year. The reduction of the import can also be seen. In 2013 only 8 Arabian horses were imported to Russia, while in 2011 the number of imported Arabians had been 17.
Due to organization of the Association of Breeders of Arabian Horses in 2010, RASB is the member of the Association, the geography of Arabian shows is getting wider now. Arabian shows were usually organized at International Equestrian Exhibitions “Equiross” in Moscow and “Hipposphere” in St. Petersburg. Now Arabian shows are run on the territory of such studs as Tersk, Veles and other places during the festivals, in the presence of a large number of people. The number of Arabian horses participating in shows increases constantly. 74 Arabian horses participated in shows in 2011 and 141 horses were at show rings in 2013.
Arabian horses are tested at four race courses in Russia: in Moscow, in Kazan, in Pyatigorsk and in Krasnodar. About 200-220 Arabians race at the age of two (40%) , at the age of three (40%), and at the age of four and older (20%) in Russia each year. Last years endurance racing became more popular due to activity of Federation of Equestrian International of Russia. Regional and All-Russian endurance races are held more often now.
All the population of the Arabian horses in Russia has been evaluated since 2005 and the WAHO Trophy is annually awarded by the Registering Authority to the most remarkable Arabian horse according to the results of the year. In 2012 the mare Aiova, owned by a private owner, became the winner of WAHO Trophy in Russia. Undoubtedly awarding the WAHO Trophy causes the sense of pride in the owners and interest of other people.
A number of equestrian magazines and journals are published in Russia, one of them is the oldest journal “Horse Breeding and Equestrian Sport” that has been issued since 1842 in Russia. This is a scientific and methodological journal established by the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia, and is published by the All-Russian Research Institute for Horse Breeding. The problems and sport activities of Arabians are widely reported and discussed in the journals.
People have an opportunity to enjoy the variety of popular activities for Arabians as well as for other horse breeds at annual horse exhibitions. Besides this, different seminars and conferences on horse breeding, with reviews of the current state and prospects for development, are regularly organized for breeders, owners of Equestrian Clubs and breeding farms, heads of Equestrian Schools, specialists and students.
Since 2009 Russia has been microchipping and using DNA testing of Arabian horses. We use the Laboratory of Genetics of the All-Russian Research Institute for Horse Breeding that is an ISAG member since 1983 and has Rank 1 on the results of the last Comparison Test. In coordination with the decision of the Ministry of Agriculture it is not permitted to export or to test Arabians on the racetracks without microchip and DNA test. On the basis of RASB conclusion the Ministry of Agriculture gives the permission on export or import of each Arabian horse.
In 2014, volume 12 of the Russian Arabian Stud Book has been published that includes the produce of mares till 2012 inclusive. The next volume 13 will have been compiled by 2017. The stud book volumes are issued as .pdf files and as printed books in two languages, Russian and English. We also have an online database containing the information for more than 8,000 Arabian horses at our website www.base.ruhorse.ru. Thank you very much for your attention.
REPORT MADE AT 2009 WAHO CONFERENCE:
Mr. Igor Botchkarev, Russia: I would like to inform you that the head of our delegation is Alexander Timchenko, the General Director of Rosplemkonzavod Association.
The traditions of breeding Arabian horses in Russia take their roots in the 19th century. These traditions are linked to such famous Russian breeders as Count Sherbatov and Count Orlov. The first Arabian horse stud book was published in 1901 in Russia, the follow up edition came out in 1903. Our WAHO recognized stud book started to be published since 1965 and 10 editions have been published to date, the last volume was published in 2007 and contains information on the horses that were born up to 2004. Additional supplements are issued during the time between the stud book editions which contain the breeding information for the current year. Our next stud book is due in December this year, 2009.
Today there are about 850 purebred Arabians living in Russia, among them 65 stallions, 227 broodmares and the rest are horses of different ages. These horse belong to 41 different breeders. The major breeding farm is still Tersk Stud Farm, which was founded in 1921. The second biggest is Khrenovoe Stud Farm which was founded more than 230 years ago, in 1776, by Count Orlov. Other breeders own in the range of 2 to 15 broodmares.
In 2008, 195 mares were bred and 149 foals were registered from the 2007 breeding season. 2 horses were imported from France, none were exported in 2008 however 6 mares were taken abroad temporarily for breeding. In 2007, 291 broodmares were bred and 66 stallions were active in breeding, 217 foals were registered from the 2006 breeding season. 9 horses were imported and 9 were exported. We use immuno-genetics markers through blood and DNA typing and we issue WAHO recognized passports for the control and identification of Arabian horses.
Arabian horse-racing continues to be popular in Russia, the major racetracks are located in Moscow, Kazan, Pyatigorsk and Krasnodar. A new state-of-the-art racetrack will start operation this year. 190 horses took part in 95 races in 2008. Two ECAHO shows were organized in Russia last year, one in Moscow and one in St. Petersburg. 14 endurance competitions were organized in 2008 by the Russian Equestrian Federation. 36 Arabian horses took part in those rides, which represent about 20% of the total number of competing horses.
The 2008 WAHO Trophy for Russia was awarded to the mare Nahodka, she was born in 1994 sired by Drug out of Nasechka. She has excellent exterior features which are in line with the type of Russian Arabian horses bred at Tersk Stud Farm and is an outstanding broodmare. Thank you for your attention.
REPORT MADE AT 2007 WAHO CONFERENCE:
The last volume, number 10, of the Russian Arabian Stud Book was compiled and published in April 2007. It contains the information of stallions, mares and progeny for the period 2001-2004. It is ready for distribution and will be sent out in May this year.
The Russian Arabian Stud Book registered 228 purebred Arabian foals in 2005, and 231 in 2006. There has not been any significant change in the number over the last 5 years. The number of active breeding stallions and broodmares have also been stable over the last few years, with 35-40 sires and 23-250 broodmares in the country.
State studs and private farms are now experiencing hard times with the export and sale of purebred Arabian horses inside the country. The most successful is the Tersk Stud in this regard. Annual auctions in the Netherlands have been greatly conducive to the international sale of Russian horses, with 281 purebred Arabian horses exported from Russia during the period 2001-2005. Among them 23 horses to Germany, 152 to Holland, 12 to Switzerland, 21 to England, 10 to Norway, 15 to France, 11 to Spain, 4 to Denmark, 1 to Belgium, 2 to Greece, 1 to Saudi Arabia, 3 to Azerbaijan, and 26 to Mongolia. Tersk stud exported a total of 255 Arabians from the above numbers since 2001-2005. Most horses – 70 – were exported in 2002, but each year since then the number of sold horses has decreased, So 59 were sold in 2003, 54 were sold in 2004, but only 34 in 2005. 26 horses were sold by “Oros” Stud to Mongolia in 2005. We consider the reason for this decrease in sales may be explained by the situation in the world market. The number of imports to Russia is not large, only 15 horses were imported during the period 2004-2006, among them 5 from France, 7 from the United Arab Emirates, 1 from Poland, 1 from Morocco and 1 from Jordan.
To be registered for the first time, foals must be parent verified and blood-typed. Starting from 2007 we have started DNA typing of all foals born. We are not micro-chipping horses yet, but it is in our plans for the future. It is allowed by our “Rules and Regulations for Keeping the Russian Arabian Stud Book” to use Artificial Insemination of Arabian mares, but the method is not widely used in practice.
The most popular activities for Arabians include flat races which take place at 5 racetracks in Russia. We test our Arabians on the racecourse at the age of 2, 3, 4 and older, about 200 horses take part in racing each year. We also organize 2 ECAHO affiliated shows each year, one is held in St. Petersburg and 1 is held in Moscow, and we have seen the number of participating horses growing every year at these shows.
To promote the purebred Arabians in Russia, the Association ‘Rosplemkonzavod’ and ZAO ‘Sokoros’ and the Russian National Arabian Horse Society have recently issued the magazine “Arabian Review” to give information about all activities in the Arabian breed, such as racing and showing.
In 2007 Russia reported 245 foals registered, with 9 imports and 9 exports. Racing and showing remain the most popular activities for Arabians in Russia.